Statements and arguments are the types of problems where your decision-making power and analytical power are exercised. A given statement has two possible arguments. The reader needs to decide which argument is strong enough to support the main message. There may be a case where neither or both statements can be strong. Sometimes even one of the arguments can be strong. Let`s take an example to better understand it. c) Question-return argument: In this type of weak argument, arguments consist of a question that is returned by the argumentator. Solution b) Argument I is not strong because it contains “only” while Argument II is strong because such a move would require immense resources and would result in outflows of funds. Rewrite the following arguments that list the premise(s) first and the conclusion last.
Each line should be a single written statement as a complete sentence. Feel free to modify the sentences as you deem necessary without changing their basic meaning. (After all, you want to repeat this argument and not write a new one!) Label the premise(s) P¹, P², P³, etc. and conclusion C. Omit all signal words and any stuffed animals (i.e. sentences that are neither the conclusion nor a premise). 10 points each. • Strong argument An argument is said to be strong if it touches on the practical and real aspect of the situation, as described in the statement. It is supported by reasons and facts related to the situation. Direction (Example #4-5) The gift statement is followed by three or four arguments.
Decide which of the options is correct for the specified arguments. • Weak arguments contradict established facts. Tip #1: Make a preliminary selection of the given question before resolving the questions related to the statement and the argument Solution: This argument is weak because they do not all depend on themselves and it is not an ideal situation for anyone. (d) Declarations I and II are both neutral. • Weak argument An argument is said to be weak if it is not directly related to the given statement and does not address all the points raised in the given statement. A weak argument is of secondary importance or may be related to a trivial aspect of the statement. • An argument based on universal truth is always strong. You should also study very carefully the lists of premiss and conclusion indicator words on page 3 of the text. There will not always be signal words, although most of the time there are none. You should also note that the conclusion can often be identified as the statement just before a premise indicator. Remember that these are just general rules. Think of signal words as “red flags.” You are positioned in the argument to point out the author`s intent, but always check yourself by asking what is proven and what the proof is.
Solution (a) Given that India is a democratic country and every person has the right where they want to work, and singing such ties does not guarantee the correct use of a country`s talents. So argument I is strong, but argument II is weak, so argument III is a vague argument and therefore weak. In this type of statement and reasoning, candidates receive weak or absurd arguments. Weak arguments are of different types and they are mentioned below. Solution: The argument is that education becomes unaffordable for the poor if all schools are privatized. Illiteracy is a major problem among the poor strata of society. Privatization of education will make them costly. Therefore, it will not help to achieve a literacy rate of 100%, but on the contrary, work against it. Therefore, this argument is strong. The argument is a fact given by a person to support or reject a statement. Note two arguments you`ve encountered throughout your day. First, write them down as you got to know them, and then rewrite them in the format you practiced in Task 1.
Make sure these are arguments, with premises and conclusions. In the next lesson, you will have more practice distinguishing between arguments and other passages. For now, make sure there is a conclusion and at least a premise, and you will do it well. (10 points each.) In the Logical Reasoning of Statement and Argument section, an argument is a statement or set of statements that express a particular point of view that expresses different opinions for or against something. Argument is a very important part of analytical thinking because all kinds of analytical thinking issues such as conclusions, assumptions, action options, syllogism, etc. are related to reasoning in one way or another. This is why arguments are called the backbone of analytical thinking. • A strong argument must relate to the statement and be supported by established facts or notions. When deciding on important issues, it is desirable that a candidate be able to distinguish between “strong” and “weak” arguments to the extent that they relate to the issues. In this type of question, a statement is made that relates to a topic, followed by certain arguments that speak for or against that statement.
You must identify the logically correct arguments. • Weak arguments are those that are half explained. A statement is a phrase that is true or false, e.B. “The cat is lying on the mat.” Many sentences are not statements such as “Please close the door”, “How old are you?” • Weak arguments are too simple and sometimes superfluous (c) Dominant idea of truth: With this type of strong argument, arguments are certain or generally accepted or true. Solution: These arguments do not get to the heart of the matter. Therefore, these types of arguments are weak arguments. The following points should be taken into account when choosing a strong argument. Tip #2: Check the arguments that they are not absurd or harmful in the case of a strong argument. Some of the prestigious exams where questions based on statements and arguments are included in the logical reasoning program are listed at the top of the article. • A strong argument should give the realistic diagnosis of the situation described in the statement.
b) Redundant arguments: With this type of weak argument, arguments are superfluous and do not perform in-depth analysis, so these arguments are weak in nature. “Weak” arguments may not be directly related to the questions and may be of secondary importance or relate to the trivial aspect of the question. Both arguments are strong and fit into the context of the statement. A conclusion is a statement in an argument that indicates what the pitcher is trying to convince the reader/listener. What is the argument trying to prove? There can only be one conclusion in a single argument. (c) Statement I weakens information, while Statement II strengthens information. Explanation – Nothing can be achieved with good planning. It is advisable to spend a lot of time and money on planning instead of repenting after implementing a plan. So argument I is strong, but argument II is not strong enough. A law or system that succeeds in other countries cannot succeed in our country either. So argument I is not strong.
But since lakhs require it from employees because of the longevity of life, argument II is justified. As now, we know what the questions related to the argumentation section of statement and argumentation are. Let`s see the different types of questions that can come from below one by one. In plain language, argumentation is a point of view on a particular issue supported by certain evidence. The candidate is obliged to check the strength of the given argument, for example if .B whether it is weak or strong. From a technical point of view, an argument can be described as a sequence of two or more sentences, clauses, sentences that contain a claim or conclusion. Such a conclusion is drawn with the help of one or more statements, which can be called a premise or a statement. Apart from that, an argument also has hidden premises and such hidden premises are called hypotheses.
Different types of questions are discussed in the Argumentation of statements and arguments section, for example. B, sequential order or arrangement, position test, time sequence test, etc. Different types of problems based on these sections of logical argumentation are examined in various reviews of state competition. Solution: In addition to these, there may be other types of arguments, and these types of arguments are weak arguments. Explanation – If we make a comparison between two arguments here, we can see that argument II is much stronger because it indicates the need for luck that new authors have to prove themselves. Both arguments are true, because politicians have immense pressure to maintain their position, and after getting into it, they barely keep their promises. .